Posting here on the off chance that someone on this list may have some knowledge of the Cawthorne Roman Camp(s) and hopefully any information on the settlement or maybe village of Cawthorne near Pickering (Not the Cawthorne near Barnsley).
Judging from the Domesday (sometimes incorrectly called Doomsday) Book there must have been some type of settlement at Cawthorne, as the area was listed in the Domesday Book under the heading of Calthorn(e) and may have had a population of 500 going from the number of landholders - and this population number is purely a guess.
Believe me I have searched on the net for anything and have come up zero.
Any help greatly appreciated, thanks,
David in Australia